Early 17th Century, Part 1, with Sherry Rankin

Sherry Rankin describes the early 17th century history of England from 1603-1660 in a ten-minute video recorded on July 21, 2023 that condenses the important events of that time.

Though the period can be divided between the Tudor Dynasty that lasted until 1603 and the Stuart Dynasty that ended with the English Civil War of 1660. As such, the period provides a bridge between tyrannical monarchies, such as that of Queen Elizabeth I, and constitutional monarchies.

Though a Protestant like her brother, Edward, Elizabeth allowed a bit more freedom of worship. Mary Queen of Scots was executed in 1587 for plotting to take over. Catholic extremists tried to take over Parliament in what came to be known as the Gunpowder Plot, and James I was crowned when Elizabeth died in 1603.

King Charles I took the reigns upon the death of James in 1625 but ruled against the Puritans and had to dissolve Parliament for ten years. The English Civil War broke out in 1640 and Charles I was executed in 1649. Oliver Cromwell then ruled from 1649 to 1660, a time known as the Interregnum, until Charles II was invited to assume the throne.